A New Conservative Cold Front? Democrat and Republican Responsiveness to the Passage of the Affordable Care Act
On Tuesday, Hillary Clinton issued her defense of the Affordable Care Act and proposals to change the landmark health law, signaling the next battle in a war with all the signs of a political stalemate. Americans are basically evenly split…
The Affordable Care Act has eroded support for federal health care spending not just among Republicans, but for Democrats and Independents, a Johns Hopkins University study has found. Before the 2010 passage of the law widely known as “Obamacare,” as many as 86 percent of Democrats …
“Trivial” Topics and Rich Ties: The Relationship Between Discussion Topic, Alter Role, and Resource Availability Using the “Important Matters” Name Generator
The assistant professor of sociology in Cornell’s College of Arts and Sciences started an online survey by asking hundreds of people whom they had contacted to talk about “important matters.” Then he asked for examples of important matters …
Cowan wanted to test three hypotheses about secret-telling in her study: 1) the less stigmatized a secret, the wider the number of people who hear about it, 2) people who hold positive attitudes toward a characteristic of a secret are more likely to be told it, and 3) the more stigmatized a secret…
The results, which controlled for several variables, reveal that Americans who hold restrictive views on abortion are much less likely to hear of others’ abortions than are Americans who hold liberal views on abortion.
The study design, Cowan notes, reduces the likelihood that the results merely reflect association differences among groups—that is, pro-life Americans are less likely to say they know someone who has had an abortion because they tend to associate with those who are less likely to undergo this procedure.
Cowan says that almost 33% of American women will have an abortion in her lifetime yet more Americans have heard of another’s miscarriage than abortion – 79 percent have heard of a miscarriage and 52 percent of an abortion. This discrepancy arises from differences in disclosure.
Pro-life Americans are less likely to hear about the abortions women they know have had than are pro-choice Americans, a New York University study shows. The findings, which appear in the journal Sociological Science, point to a previously unexplored divide on the abortion issue: differences in perceptions of those we associate with.
New research underscores what we already know: Women often keep abortions secret for fear of being stigmatized.
Nearly 80 percent of participants said they’d heard about someone else’s miscarriage, compared to just 52 percent of people who had heard about an abortion.
Several high-profile public figures, such as Texas gubernatorial candidate Wendy Davis, Texas State Rep. Dawnna Dukes, and Planned Parenthood President Cecile Richards, have recently made headlines by disclosing their abortions to the world. But a new study says that for most people, revealing the fact that they had an abortion is by no means that public of an act …
If you think that abortion stigma isn’t a big deal, consider how that affects people’s views on reproductive rights …
If you oppose abortion, there may be something your friends aren’t telling you …
The Community College Effect Revisited: The Importance of Attending to Heterogeneity and Complex Counterfactuals
Disadvantaged students who enroll at community colleges and who would not otherwise have attended college are more likely to earn a bachelor’s degree in the future, according to a newly released research paper.
More than 40 percent of U.S. undergraduate students attend community colleges and, of those, more than 80 percent say they want to earn bachelor’s degrees. But only about 12 percent complete their degrees …
Was this conflict predictable? In a general sense it seems almost inevitable. Hamas and the state of Israel have long vowed to destroy each other, and their resumption of violence can hardly be considered a surprise. But the timing of the conflict, sparked by murder and revenge – how could that be predicted?
Unintended Consequences: Effects of Paternal Incarceration on Child School Readiness and Later Special Education Placement
A new study in the journal Sociological Science has found that boys whose fathers have gone to prison are less likely to have the behavioral skills they need to succeed at school by the age of five, and are more likely to have been placed in special ed by the age of nine. The paper, written by sociologist Anna Haskins of Columbia University, fills an important gap in the debate over mass incarceration and its impact on black men.
Those high infant-mortality rates in youth, Cohen said, are “picking up the socioeconomic factors. It’s mostly poorer women or women from disadvantaged backgrounds who have children when they’re younger.”
Americans work some of the longest hours in the Western world, and many struggle to achieve a healthy balance between work and life. As a result, there is an understandable tendency to assume that the problem we face is one of quantity: We simply do not have enough free time. “If I could just get a few more hours off work each week,” you might think, “I would be happier.”
Stanford research studies how people in jobs and the unemployed value free time. Both groups experience greater emotional well-being on weekends and have declines when the workweek begins. The rise in well-being and happiness on weekends is largely explained by opportunities to spend more social time with others.
The study, published in the Journal of Sociological Science, looked at the Save Darfur page on Facebook. At its height, this cause was one of the largest on the social network. The research team analysed the behaviour of its members over a 989-day period.
Facebook conjured an illusion of activism rather than facilitating the real thing,” sociologist Kevin Lewis of the University of California, San Diego says about the Save Darfur campaign.
While Facebook has undoubtedly changed the way people mobilize around an issue — and has given a voice to activists who never before had the ability to speak out — the largest social networking site still doesn’t motivate donors to open up their wallets to give to a cause.
There’s something that makes social media particularly conducive to callous self-promotion. Facebook allows you to receive “reputational benefits” without encouraging you to do anything behind the scenes.
Social media may fuel unprecedented civic engagement. Digital networks might make possible mass protest and revolution – think “Arab Spring.” But sometimes and maybe even most of the time, a new study suggests, the accomplishments of online activism are much more modest.
On the surface, the cause hit a nerve across the world. Yet what good came out of it? With that kind of membership, the online campaign should have been amassing millions of dollars through Facebook alone.
According to Sørensen, one of the top challenges and simultaneous best opportunities for new open access journals to develop a following is to find a unique niche in the marketplace. For Sociological Science, which was founded in September 2013, that niche came in the form of the founding editors’ shared desire to get articles to publication sooner, in order to prevent the stagnation of scholarly work on novel research concepts.
The daunting demand to publish in journals with an arcane peer-review system is a common pain point for many academics. The traditional model’s lengthy review process and expensive subscriptions also make interesting and impactful findings generally inaccessible to the public. But a Stanford-led group of professors is giving social scientists another option.
Soule is among seven prominent sociologists at major universities who hope to disrupt the way academic publishing is done in their field by launching a new online journal,Sociological Science, on Tuesday, Feb. 18. The academic editors, headed by chief editor Jesper Sørensen, also a Stanford GSB professor, promise to give authors an up or down decision within 30 days and to publish an accepted research paper within a few months. The journal will be free for everyone to read online.
Online journal adopts an open-source model and aims to publish papers “as written” to foster debate and speed access to research.
Weeden says the nonprofit journal’s main goal was to shake up top-tier sociological publishing by offering an alternative to the standard editorial model. The journal takes advantage of low-cost, open-access publication platforms, an approach that gives sociologists a forum for public engagement and a way to help shape public discussion and policy debates.
The paper explores evidence from an online dating community involving more than 250,000 people in the United States about the frequency with which individuals both express a preference for same-race romantic partners and act to choose same-race partners.